Yelling at children can be just as harmful as sexual or physical abuse
New research from the US and London shows that shouting at children can be just as harmful as sexual or physical abuse.
The study authors found that negative tone and content had a negative impact. Fathers, mothers and teachers are the people who have the most influence on children's behavior.
Some of the effects of verbal abuse can last a child's life. Abuse can create "underlying emotional and psychological effects", which include obesity, increased anger, substance misuse, depression and self-harm.
Researchers say there needs to be a better way to define verbal abuse. Currently, four categories include child abuse: physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect.