How should anti-Covid pills be used?
Patients infected with coronavirus have two new treatment options in countries where pills have been approved. However, pills also have their own rules. They should be taken as soon as symptoms appear. Therefore, testing, getting a doctor's prescription, and starting treatment should be done within a short period of time.
US regulators have so far authorized the Pfizer, Paxlovid and Merck pill Molnupiravir. In patients at risk of serious illness, both pills have been shown to reduce the chances of hospitalization and death. The Pfizer pill has been more effective.
Who should take these pills?
The pills are not for all people who become infected with the coronavirus. They are designed for people who are more likely to be seriously ill. It includes the elderly and those with health conditions such as heart disease, cancer or diabetes. Both pills are approved for adults, while Paxlovid is also approved for children over 12 years old.
Who should not take these pills?
Merck's pill, molnupiravir, is not authorized for children because it can affect the growth of their bones. It is also not recommended for pregnant women, due to potential defects in infants.
The Pfizer vaccine is not recommended for patients with severe kidney or liver problems, nor for patients with severe health problems. The pill is not adequate even for some patients who in that period are taking other medications. Antiviral pills are not authorized for people hospitalized with coronavirus.
What are the stages of treatment?
Pills should be taken as soon as possible, within five days of the onset of the first symptoms. Cough, headache, fever and loss of taste, or muscle aches are some of the signs.
Mjeku Cameron Wolfe, specialist i sëmundjeve infektive në Spitalin Universitar Duke, sugjeron bërjen e testit në kohën kur manifestohen simptomat e para me koronavirus. “Nëse prisni derisa të mbesni pa frymë, ju tashmë e keni kaluar kohën kur ilaçet mund të kryejnë punë”, ka thënë Wolfe.
Kur mund të blihen pilulat?
Në vendet ku ato janë të miratuara, pacientëve u duhet një recetë e mjekut apo e një punëtori të autorizuar shëndetësor. Qeveria amerikane ka blerë ilaçe nga Merck dhe Pfizer dhe është duke i ofruar ato falas, mirëpo furnizimet mund të harxhohen. Ato do të dërgohen nëpër rajone të ndryshme, në mënyrë që të jenë nëpër barnatore, qendra shëndetësore të komunitetit dhe vende tjera.
Trajtimi zgjat pesë ditë. Disa farmaci mund të kryejnë një test të shpejtë për koronavirus dhe të përgatisin recetën brenda një vizite.
Do pills have an effect on the Omicron variant?
The pills are believed to have an effect on fighting the Omicron variant because they do not target the protein since the coronavirus variants were created. Both drugs are created in different ways to prevent the virus from reproducing.
Are there other options for patients infected with coronavirus?
Yes, but they are not as accessible as pills. They should be taken by injection in hospitals or clinics.
Those treatments are based on antibodies to fight the virus, although laboratory tests suggest that these trainings are not very effective against Omicron.
* REL article