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The solar storm hits the Earth. Will there be consequences?

The solar storm hits the Earth. Will there be consequences?

A geomagnetic storm triggered by a solar flare hit the Earth on Monday, causing the "Northern Lights," or aurora borealis, to illuminate the sky at lower latitudes than usual.

People will be able to see the dazzling sights, with visible auroras, in Scotland, in the north of England, New York and Washington, according to the United States authorities.

The effects are expected to continue on Tuesday and Wednesday, according to the UK Met Office, which said there could be a "fairly active period of geomagnetic activity".

The solar storm hits the Earth. Will there be consequences?

Geomagnetic storms are major disturbances in the Earth's magnetic field caused by changes in the solar wind and the structure of the interplanetary magnetic field. This latest storm was triggered on Saturday by a strong coronary mass extraction.

The U.S. agency noted that the impact of the storm would be felt over 55 degrees latitude and it was possible for power grid fluctuations to occur.

The solar storm hits the Earth. Will there be consequences?

Spatial weather

Such solar-induced space weather is important to understand because, in addition to the consequences of the power grid, it can affect satellites, GPS, airlines, rockets and astronauts working in space.

In the UK, the Met Office said it would be possible to see a view of the aurora on Tuesday evening in much of Scotland and a "small chance" further south, in the North of England and Northern Ireland . However, he warned that the weather is likely to be cloudy, making the sights impossible.

According to NASA, coronary holes are regions in the Sun where its magnetic field is open to interplanetary space, sending high-velocity solar material.

The sun is becoming more active. A new 11-year solar cycle began in 2019, and the maximum solar of the current cycle, when activity peaks, is projected to occur in mid-2025.

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